There is no doubt that E-commerce has a considerable impact on business as well as society. Nowadays, it is booming and becoming an inseparable part of modern purchasing activities. 

Unlike traditional commerce, digital transformation makes all commercial transactions entirely via the internet, with particular processes. This article provides insights into eCommerce processes; read on!

Digital platforms facilitate trading activities.

Overview of E-Commerce Process

The E-commerce process includes all the steps and functionality relating to electronic trading. Regardless of the business size and business model, each has its unique processes that play a critical role in eCommerce operation. 

Robust and strategic core business processes determine how the business owner can successfully achieve the objectives. Implementation of automating the E-commerce process improves efficiency and reduces labor costs and operational costs not only for big organizations but also for smaller ones. 

E-commerce services are carried out among four parties, B2C (Business-to-Consumer), B2B (Business-to-Business), C2B (Consumer-to-Business), and C2C (Consumer-to-Consumer). A wide range of aspects should be attentively examined in business operations, such as fulfilling an order, receiving payment, controlling expenditure, adapting and integrating IT in the E-commerce environment, generating orders, resolving customer queries at any time, as well as studying customer behavior.

The processes determine the success of an online store.

Ecommerce Processes

Order Fulfillment

The main concern in order fulfillment is logistics infrastructure. There is a clear distinction in service provisions between an established BAM company and a start-up dot-com, and so are their levels of infrastructure. 

Lack of capital or experience to build its own, a start-up dot-com is advisable to outsource its logistics requirements or may lose customer contentment and loyalty. On the other hand, a well-prepared logistics organization is also required more adaptation and integration with the third party to develop more effective operations. 

Other issues around order fulfillment operations that need to take into account are stock availability, taken time, and delivery schedule.

Revenue Collection

The revenue collection process is crucial to the online retail core. Revenue decides the survival of a commercial enterprise, as it depends mostly on costs generated from providing business services. There are many ways to evaluate costs, including transaction costs, notional savings, and category fees.  E-commerce organizations should employ technology to improve their overall purchase to payment (P2P) process. A successful P2P allows retailers to optimize their payment receiving process.

Financial Control

The E-commerce firm has to strike a balance between revenue and expenditure. It is necessary that E-commerce companies utilize financial tools to monitor and control their expenses. Retailers must ensure that all discounts, deliveries, payments, and advertising are strictly tracked to maintain safe budgeting.

Take easier control with digital tools.

IT changes

Timely IT change is another essential criterion in the eCommerce process flow. The more quickly a company responds to the variation of the E-commerce environment, the more thrivingly it can obtain competitive advantages. 

An appealing website may attract numerous customers to enter and make purchases. The Web site ought to be easily and suitably customized; moreover, it should not take much time for any change on it.

Business Process

Many E-commerce companies are unaware of the influential role of business processes. Either they can not catch up with the stunning speed of the internet to modify their procedures, or they are immature in business and have a short-term perspective. 

Besides, tight budgets and manpower also restrain the capacity of mapping business processes.


E-integration connects E-commerce choice of platform to finance, accounting, inventory, sales, CRM (Customer Relationship Management), and marketing systems. E-integration helps business companies save a bunch of time. 

It improves the speed of data exchange among multiple systems, enhances data accuracy, and quickly makes updates among systems. So far, very few organizations are totally E-integrated. They use humans instead to deal with these operations.

Order Generation

Order generation is the main target of sale marketing. An online business, especially start-up dot-coms, spends a lot of money on advertising in order to get customers to take a look at their products or services, and furthermore to convert their eCommerce website lead into consumers. 

Acquiring partnerships with well-known internet brand names is a crucial element in securing a visible profile and internet trustworthiness. Cooperation of the junction box or infomediaries is another way of saving cost. 

Search engines are usually biased in favor of privileged websites, which are paid for this preference or charged to every user entering a partner e-commerce website through the medium website.

Online businesses spend a significant amount of money on advertising. 

Call Center Integration

The call center is the core of customer service in an enterprise. This is where customers can communicate and make complaints or queries about products and services. 

The call center staff is expected to resolve all relating problems professionally and appropriately in any scenario. Some E-commerce businesses outsource call centers so that they can effectively approach their markets as well as reinforce customer experience or customer satisfaction.

24/7 Operation

Any time and anywhere has become an indispensable culture in the E-commerce business. Along with 24/7 operation, clients can freely access the sales channels and shop in their spare time. 

Web site store also needs 24/7 maintenance to guarantee efficient operations. The uninterrupted availability of the website is of utmost importance since users will look elsewhere instead of waiting during downtime.

Consumer behavior

It is easier to observe customer expectations and have suitable support in a brick-and-mortar store. On the eCommerce platforms, customers mostly serve themselves by searching, picking items, and making decisions before ordering. 

Retailers may not figure out why customers leave or cancel a service or purchase. It is suggested that  E-commerce companies rely on marketing tools to record online customers' activities and visiting traffic as an assumed estimation. In addition, apprehension of customer psychology and behavior is a powerful way to build and adjust the website properly.  


E-commerce has become an ideal solution that will shape the future of commerce. Ecommerce processes consist of complicated operations that require work accordingly. 

Big companies and start-ups engaged in this type of business should set up applicable and synchronously updated processes to keep pace with the internet growth. A successful eCommerce business with long-term goals will not let any single process in the business systems be ignored or belittled.